Osteopath for Babies and Children

Glossary

I feel that it is good to have clear definitions even for terms which are apparently simple. You'd be surprised how much understanding is gained by knowing exactly what is meant.

This page is not meant for reading, but for reference. The definitions are simplified from textbooks and the Oxford English Dictionary.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A
Acute
(Medicine) Of a disease or its symptoms: of short duration and usually severe.
Adenoid
A collection of tissue in the wall of the nasal cavity.
Allergy
(Medicine) Altered reactivity of the body towards an antigen; especially hypersensitivity towards a particular foreign substance such as a type of food, pollen, or micro-organism.
Alleviate
Make less severe.
Amblyopic
(Medicine) Impaired vision, without apparent change in the eye.
Anatomy
The science of the structure of the body.
Anterior
(Anatomy) Situated in the front of the body, or nearer to the head or forepart.
Antigen
(Physiology) A foreign substance which, when introduced into the body, stimulates the production of an antibody.
Antibody
(Physiology) A protein produced in the body which reacts with a given antigen.
Anxiety
(Medicine) A condition of distress accompanied by precordial tightness or discomfort.
Asthma
Difficulty of breathing; specifically such a condition characterized by attacks due to bronchial spasm and often of allergic origin.
Asymmetry
Incorrect proportion or harmony of the parts of a thing.
Autism
A condition which is marked by severely limited responsiveness to other persons.
B
Balance
General harmony between the parts of anything.
Bereavement
Deprive of a relative or loved one by death.
Birth
The emergence of young from the body of the mother.
Brain
The mass of substance contained in the skull; cerebral substance.
Bronchial
Of or pertaining to the bronchi or their branches.
Bronchitis
Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi.
Bronchus
(Anatomy) Either of the two branches into which the windpipe divides.
Also, any of the branching system of passages between the windpipe and the inner lungs.
B.Sc. (Hons.)
Bachelor of Science with Honours
Bachelor of Science degree in Osteopathy
C
Caesarean
[From the story that Julius Caesar was so delivered.] Also called Caesarean section or Caesarean operation. The surgical operation of cutting the walls of the abdomen to deliver a child.
Cartilage
A firm, elastic, semi-opaque connective tissue of the vertebrate body; gristle.
Central Nervous System
The brain and spinal cord considered together.
Cerebral
Of or pertaining to the brain.
Cerebral Palsy
A disorder chiefly characterized by spastic paralysis due to brain damage before or at birth.
Cerebrum
(Anatomy) The larger, anterior part of the brain,
Chiropractic
(Concerned with or pertaining to) the diagnosis and manipulative treatment of mechanical disorders of the joints, especially of the spine.
Chronic
Of a disease: lingering, lasting; of slow progression and often gradual onset. Compare with acute.
Clinical
(Medicine) Branches of medicine involving the study or care of actual patients.
Colic
An acute abdominal pain, especially one arising from the twisting, obstruction, or spasm of a hollow organ such as the intestines.
Often a condition of early infancy, colic is marked by chronic irritability and crying.
Conception
The action of becoming pregnant.
Side View of Cranium
Congenital
Existing from birth.
Constipation
Irregularity and difficulty in defecation
Coronal
Of or pertaining to the crown of the head.
Cranial
Of or pertaining to the cranium.
Cranial Nerve
each of twelve pairs of nerves arising directly from the brain and passing through separate openings in the cranium.
Cranium
The bones enclosing the brain; the bones of the whole head, the skull.
D
Defecation
Discharging of faeces from the bowels.
Delivery
The act of giving birth, or assisting at a birth.
Diagnosis
The identification of a disease from a patient's symptoms.
Down's Syndrome
A congenital condition causing intellectual impairment and physical abnormalities including short stature and a broad facial profile.
D.P.O.
Diploma in Paediatric Osteopathy. More information at Foundation for Paediatric Osteopathy.
Dyslexia
Difficulty in reading, or in understanding written words, without general intelligence being affected.
E
Eardrum
The membrane of the middle ear, serving to transmit sound; the entire hollow part of the middle ear.
Epilepsy
A condition in which a person has intermittent paroxysmal attacks of disordered brain function usually causing a loss of awareness or consciousness and sometimes convulsions.
Eustachian Tube
Eustachian tube, the passage running through the temporal bone and connecting the middle ear and the nose, by which the air pressure is the same on both sides of the eardrum.
F
Fetus
An unborn human more than eight weeks after conception.
Fidget
Seeking relief in continual spasmodic movements.
Forceps
(Obstetrics) A large two-bladed instrument designed to encircle and pull upon the baby's head to assist delivery.
Frontal Bone
The cranial bone forming the forehead and the upper parts of the orbits.
Foetus
Variant of fetus.
Foetal Distress
Evidence of deteriorating condition of a fetus during labour.
Foundation for Paediatric Osteopathy (FPO)
The Foundation for Paediatric Osteopathy is a charitable organisation based in the UK, which seeks to ensure that paediatric osteopathy is established as the first recourse for parents and carers concerned for their child’s health. The aims of the institution include:
  • to make osteopathic treatment available to all children and mothers in the peri-natal period regardless of their ability to pay
  • to raise public awareness relating to the role of osteopathic treatment in the health of children
  • to educate osteopaths in the field of paediatrics and thereby increase the number of competent practitioners to meet the growing demand for paediatric osteopathic care
  • to carry out research into the effectiveness of osteopathy for children
G
Gastric Reflux
(Medicine) The reverse flow of gastric fluid into the oesophagus from the stomach.
Glue Ear
A condition in which a viscous fluid blocks the Eustachian Tube and impairs hearing, occurring chiefly in children as a result of infection of the middle ear.
Gynaecology
The branch of medicine that deals with the physiology and diseases of women and girls, especially of their reproductive organs.
H
Headache
A continuous pain (usually dull and deep-seated) in the head.
Hemisphere
A half sphere / globe / ball.
Holistic
(Medicine) Involving the treatment of the whole person rather than the physical symptoms alone.
Hormone
(Physiology) Any of numerous compounds produced by specialized cells in a living organism to regulate the action of other cells.
Hyperactive
Especially of a child: unable to relax or be quiet.
Hypersensitive
(Medicine) Of an individual: having an adverse bodily reaction to a particular substance in doses that do not affect most individuals.
I
Imbalance
A lack of proportion or relation between corresponding things.
Infant
A child during the earliest period of life after birth.
Insomnia
Chronic inability to sleep; sleeplessness.
Irritable
Readily excited to anger or impatience; easily annoyed.
J
K
L
Labour
Childbirth
Layman
A person without professional or special knowledge in a particular subject, especially law or medicine.
Lazy Eye
An amblyopic eye in which underuse has contributed to its poor vision, especially with a squint.
M
Manipulation
(Medicine) Treatment of a part of the body using manual action or dexterity.
Maternal
Of or pertaining to a mother or mothers.
Medical
Of or pertaining to the science or practice of medicine in general; of or pertaining to medicine as opposed to surgery.
Medicine
The science or practice of the diagnosis and treatment of illness and injury and the preservation of health.
Midwife
A person with experience or training in assisting women in labour and childbirth.
Migraine
A recurrent throbbing headache, usually affecting one side of the head, often accompanied by nausea or disturbed vision.
Muscle
Fibrous tissue in a human or animal body that has the ability to contract, producing movement in or maintaining the position of parts of the body.
Musculature
(The arrangement of) the muscular system of a body; the arrangement of muscles in an organ or limb.
N
Newborn
Recently born.
O
Obstetrics
The branch of medicine that deals with childbirth and the care and treatment of the mother before and after birth; the practice of midwifery.
Occiput
The back of the head. The occipital bone.
Occipital Bone
The bone which forms the back and base of the skull and encircles the spinal cord.
Occipital Condyle
Either of two rounded knobs at the base of the skull which articulate the first vertebra.
Occiput Anterior
(Anatomy) Situated in the front of the body, or nearer to the head or forepart.
Occiput Transverse
With reference to a baby's position during birth: Extending or proceeding in a crosswise direction; lying or running across.
Oesophagus
The canal leading from the back of the mouth, through which food and drink pass to the stomach; the gullet.
Orthodontics
The branch of dentistry that deals with the treatment and prevention of irregularities of the teeth and jaws.
Osteopath Centre for Children (OCC)
The OCC is the clinical arm of the Foundation for Paediatric Osteopathy, which includes education, outreach and research programmes.
Osteopathy
A system of healing based on the theory that some disorders can be alleviated by treatment of the skeleton and musculature using manipulation and massage.
P
Paediatric
The branch of medical science that deals with childhood and the diseases of children.
Palpation
Gentle handling; specifically medical examination by feeling.
Palsy
Paralysis with involuntary tremors.
Parietal Bone
Either of a pair of bones, right and left, forming part of the sides and top of the skull, between the frontal and occipital bones.
Paroxysm
(Medicine) An episode of increased acuteness or severity of a disease; a sudden recurrence or attack, a sudden worsening of symptoms.
Pathology
The science of the causes and effects of diseases.
Pelvis
The basin-shaped cavity formed (in most vertebrates) by the fused right and left hip bones and pubis on each side, together with the sacrum and coccyx; these bones collectively, constituting the pelvic girdle.
Physiology
The branch of science that deals with the normal functioning of living organisms
Plagiocephaly
(Medicine) Oblique deformity of the skull, with greater development of the anterior part on one side and the posterior part on the other
Posterior
(Anatomy) Situated at the back; situated behind or further back than something else. Opposed (to) anterior.
Precordial
(Medicine) Situated in front of or about the heart.
Pregnancy
The condition or an instance of having a child or offspring developing in the uterus.
Premature Birth
Born or occurring before the end of the full term of pregnancy (but usually after the stage when the fetus normally becomes viable); specifically (of an infant) weighing less than 2.5 kg at birth.
Present
(Of a condition) Show itself, be manifest, appear, occur; (Of a patient) Come forward for or undergo an examination (with a symptom).
Protein
Any of a large group of naturally existing complex compounds which form an essential part of all living organisms.
Q
R
Restless
Unable to rest; deprived of rest; finding no rest; uneasy in mind or spirit.
S
Side View of Sacrum
Sacral
Pertaining to the sacrum
Sacrum
(Anatomy) A triangular bone which is wedged between the two hip bones, forming the back of the pelvis and resulting from the fusing of (usu. five) vertebrae. It is from Late Latin os sacrum, translating Greek hieron osteon meaning sacred bone (from the belief that the soul resides in it).
Sagittal Suture
Designating or pertaining to the suture on the top of the skull between the two parietal bones.
Sinus
(Anatomy) A cavity within a bone or other tissue, especially within the bones of the face or skull, connecting with the nasal cavities.
Skull
The bone framework or skeleton of the head, especially that part enclosing the brain; the cranium.
Spastic
(Medicine) Of the nature of a spasm or sudden involuntary contraction; characterized or affected by such symptoms or movements.
Spine
The spinal column or backbone, also including the spinal cord.
Spinal Column
The series of connecting vertebrae that support and protect the spinal cord; the spine or backbone.
Spinal Cord
The part of the central nervous system which is posterior to the brain, extending down the spinal canal and giving rise to the spinal nerves.
Squint
A permanent deviation in the direction of gaze of one eye; defective alignment of the eyes.
Stress
A state of affairs involving or characterized by strained effort, demand on physical or mental energy. A condition or circumstance that disturbs, or is likely to disturb, the normal physiological or mental functioning of an individual.
Mental fatigue.
Suture
(Anatomy) The junction of two bones forming an immovable articulation; the line of such junction; especially each of the serrated borders between the bones of the skull.
Suckle
Feed from the breast or teat.
Skeleton
The hard internal framework of bones and cartilage supporting the body.
T
Talipes
(Medicine) The condition of having a club foot. (A congenitally distorted foot.)
Talipes Equinovarus
The commonest variety of club foot, in which the foot is twisted inwards and downwards so that the person walks on the outer edge of the tip.
Talipes Valgus
A form of club foot in which the foot is turned outwards, so that the person walks on the inner edge of the foot.
Talipes Varus
A form of club foot in which the foot is turned inwards, so that the person walks on the outer edge of the foot.
Tantrum
An outburst of bad temper; specifically a fit of bad temper in a young child.
Temporal Bone
Either of two bones forming part of the side of the skull on each side and enclosing the middle and inner ear.
Temporal Lobe
The lowest lobe in each cerebral hemisphere of the brain.
Testimonial
A written or spoken expression of regard for a person's service or accomplishments
Tonsillitis
(Medicine) Inflammation of the tonsils, caused by bacterial or viral infection.
Tonsil
Either of two oval masses of tissue on either side of the throat. Also, the adenoids.
Transverse Suture
(Anatomy) The suture between the frontal and facial bones.
Trauma
(Medicine) A physical wound. External or internal injury. Also a state or condition resulting from this, e.g. shock.
U
Uterus
The organ in female mammals in which the embryo develops and is nourished until birth; the womb.
V
Vagus
In full vagus nerve. Either of the tenth pair of cranial nerves, which supply the upper digestive tract and the organs of the chest cavity and abdomen.
Ventouse
(Medicine) A vacuum extractor.
Vertebra
(Anatomy) Any of the bony joints or segments composing the spinal column.
Vertebrae
In plural: The spinal column.
Viscous
Gluelike, sticky,
Vocation
The fact or feeling of being called to undertake a specific career, function, or occupation; a divine call to do certain work; a strong feeling of fitness or suitability for a particular career.
The work or function to which a person is called; a mode of life or employment regarded as requiring dedication.
W
Wind
(Excessive) gas in the stomach or intestines.
Womb
The organ in the body of a woman or female mammal in which offspring are carried, protected, and nourished before birth; the uterus.
X
Y
Z

Remember, [I] got better because your strong energy!!!!